Ultralight training (theory)

If you have no previous flying experience, ultralight training of at least 60 teaching units of 45 minutes each in the following subjects is required.

  • Meteorology (when to fly and when not to fly)
  • Technology/aerodynamics (why does a microlight fly at all)
  • Navigation (How do we get from A to B)
  • Radiotelephony (How do we make ourselves understood briefly and concisely)
  • Behavior in special cases (what do we do if something does not go as planned)
  • Air law (what we need to watch out for so that it doesn’t get expensive)
  • Pyrotechnics

In our training we focus, among other things, on PPL theory, which is indispensable for practical flying and which is neglected in standard UL training.

  • Weight & Balance
  • Density height
  • Take-off and landing distance calculation
  • Route planning with flight plan

In addition, there are many UL theory online trainers for the most common cell phones, which can often be used to practice the UL exam questions for the SPL theory online free of charge. These can be used to support a well-founded ultralight theory training course.

The UL flight license examination questions are published by the DULV as our supervisory authority (DULV question catalog) for a fee. Unfortunately, there is no UL question catalog PDF that you can download from the Internet.

Unfortunately, it is not possible to learn the Ulschein theory by self-study, as the DULV requires participation in at least 60 instruction units in an approved flying school as ultralight training.

UL license requirements

  • Age at start of training min. 16 years (license receipt 17 years)
  • In the case of minors, the consent of the legal guardian. Representative
  • Good physical and mental constitution
  • An LAPL certificate of airworthiness is required for motorized aircraft > 120 kg empty weight (§ 16 LuftPersV).
  • This medical certificate is valid for 5 years up to the age of 40 and 2 years from the age of 41.

UL theory exam procedure

After completion of the theoretical ultralight training, the time and place of the examination and, if necessary, an examination board will be proposed by the training flight school and determined by the DULV.

  • Each subject is tested individually with 40 questions per subject area. The questions are asked in a “multiple choice” procedure.
  • The exam questions are selected at random from all the questions in the question catalog.
  • The navigation subject is divided into a question section and a navigation task with 20 questions each and is considered as a whole in the evaluation.
  • Each subject area has 30 minutes to solve the examination tasks, 60 minutes for navigation (maximum 3.5 hours in total).
  • The written examination is passed if at least 30 out of 40 questions in each written examination subject are answered correctly (75%).

If the number of errors in up to two subjects is greater than 10 in each case, these subjects must be repeated in a written re-examination. If the number of errors in more than two subjects is greater than 10 in each case, the examination must be repeated in writing as a whole. Complete theory examinations or individual subjects can be repeated a maximum of three times.

The theory test is valid for 3 years from the date of passing the last part. If the practical test is not passed during this period, the theory test must be repeated. It is not possible to extend the period of validity of the theory test.

The subject “Pyrotechnics” is not (or no longer) part of the official theory test and is taken in advance by the flight school’s training manager.

Possible facilitations:
  • For holders of a radiotelephony certificate (BZF II, BZF I or AZF), the examination in the subject “Radiotelephony” is not required. The time available for the examination is reduced by 30 minutes.
  • For holders of a B license (cross-country paragliding license) the examination in “Meteorology” is not required. The time available for the examination is reduced by 30 minutes.

Click here for practical training…

Ultralight training (theory)